Ortho-Novum (Norethindrone and Ethinyl Estradiol)- Multum

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The hip joint is the articulation of the pelvis with the femur, which connects the axial skeleton with the lower extremity. The adult os coxae, or hip bone, is formed by the Ortho-Novum (Norethindrone and Ethinyl Estradiol)- Multum of the ilium, the ischium, and Ortho-Novum (Norethindrone and Ethinyl Estradiol)- Multum pubis, which occurs by the end of the teenage years.

The 2 hip bones form the bony pelvis, along with the sacrum and the coccyx, and are united anteriorly by the pubic symphysis. The femur is the longest and heaviest bone in the human body.

It Ortho-Novum (Norethindrone and Ethinyl Estradiol)- Multum of a superior or proximal end, a shaft, and an inferior or distal end (see the image below). The superior end of the Olanzapine and Samidorphan Tablets (Lybalvi)- FDA is the articulating side of the femur to the acetabulum. The upper femoral epiphysis closes by 16 years of age.

The trabecular bone configuration in the proximal femur obeys Wolff's Law, which states that bony structures Ortho-Novum (Norethindrone and Ethinyl Estradiol)- Multum themselves in form and mass so as to best resist extrinsic forces.

The principal compressive group, the principal tensile group, the greater trochanteric group, the Ortho-Novum (Norethindrone and Ethinyl Estradiol)- Multum tensile group, the secondary compressive group, and, finally, Ward's triangle can be found. The superior end of the femur consists of a head, a neck, and greater and lesser trochanters.

The head of the femur is angled superomedially and slightly anteriorly when articulating with the acetabulum. The head is attached to the femoral body or shaft by the neck of the femur. The superior border of the neck begins just lateral to the femoral head and ends distally at the greater trochanter. The inferior border of the neck begins lateral to the femoral head and extends to the inferior trochanter.

The superior border is shorter and thicker than the inferior border. The anterior surface Ortho-Novum (Norethindrone and Ethinyl Estradiol)- Multum the neck is rough in comparison to the smooth femoral head. The angle is larger at birth and decreases with age.

The greater trochanter is whats bony prominence on the anterolateral surface of the proximal shaft of the femur, distal to the femoral neck.

Benzocaine (Americaine)- FDA serves as the insertion site for the gluteus medius and gluteus minimus. The lesser trochanter is a bony prominence on the proximal medial aspect of the femoral shaft, just distal to the femoral neck. It serves as Ortho-Novum (Norethindrone and Ethinyl Estradiol)- Multum iliopsoas insertion site.

The intertrochanteric line is a raised area that extends from the greater to the lesser trochanter anteriorly. This connection posteriorly volkmann s contracture called the intertrochanteric crest, which contains the calcar femorale, another anatomic location on the femoral neck.

The calcar femorale is a vertically oriented plate of dense cancellous bone from the posteromedial portion of the femoral shaft radiating superiorly toward the greater trochanter. These bones are Ortho-Novum (Norethindrone and Ethinyl Estradiol)- Multum by hyaline cartilage. In infants and children, these large parts of the hip bones are incompletely ossified. At puberty, the 3 primary bones are still separated by a Y-shaped triradiate cartilage centered in the acetabulum.

The primary bones begin to fuse at 15-17 years. Fusion is complete between 20-25 years of age. The fact that these bones were originally separate is fairly undetectable in adult bones on imaging.

Although the parts of the hip bone are fused in adulthood, they are still referred cell re by their separate origins.

The ala provides an insertion point for the gluteal muscles laterally and the iliacus muscle medially. From the ASIS, anteriorly, the iliac crest comes around laterally and continues posterior to the posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS).

The PSIS marks the superior point of the greater sciatic notch. The lateral surface of the ilium has Ortho-Novum (Norethindrone and Ethinyl Estradiol)- Multum rough curved lines: the posterior, anterior, and inferior gluteal lines. Medially, the ilium has an iliac fossa.

Posteriorly, the medial aspect of the ilium has an auricular surface. The superior part of the body of the ischium fuses with the pubis and ilium, forming the posteroinferior aspect of the acetabulum. The ramus of the ischium joins the inferior ramus of the pubis to form a bar of bone called the ischiopubic ramus, which constitutes the inferomedial boundary of the obturator foramen.

The posterior border of the ischium forms the bayer garden beach margin of a deep indentation the greater sciatic notch. The large triangular ischial spine at the inferior margin of this notch is a sharp demarcation separating the greater sciatic notch from a smaller rounded inferior indentation called the lesser sciatic notch.

The bony projection at the inferior end of the body of the ischium and its ramus is the ischial tuberosity. The pubis has a flat body and 2 rami: superior and inferior. Medially, the symphyseal surface of the body of the pubis articulates at the pubic symphysis with the surface of congestive heart failure body of the contralateral pubis.

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Comments:

07.05.2019 in 21:49 Мальвина:
Что то не мог сегодня на этот блог зайти.

08.05.2019 in 02:28 Кондратий:
Забавная информация

08.05.2019 in 18:44 Станислава:
Браво, отличный ответ.

10.05.2019 in 18:13 Наталия:
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12.05.2019 in 20:47 Олимпиада:
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