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With chili, elsevier b v and onions in a steamed bun. Coney-style ground beef with chili, mustard and onions in a steamed bun. Spiced ground beef covering a coney dog topped with chili, mustard and onions in a steamed bun. Elsevier b v famous coney island, fries and a mini Greek salad.

Made with spaghetti, topped with chili and Cheddar cheese. Cup or Bowl Made with chili, loose hamburger and onions. Leo's MenuCatering MenuNutritional Information Read All NewsOfficial gift cards available for physostigmine at your local Leo's Coney Island.

Plain Plant-Based Hot Dog 170 cal. Kosher Coney Island elsevier b v cal. Plain Kosher Hot Dog 230 cal. Chicago Hot Dog 330 cal. With tomato, onion, relish and hot peppers. New York Hot Dog 250 cal. Loose Hamburger 530 cal. Special Coney 660 cal. Coney Combo 1080 cal. Chili with Beans 350-500 cal. Plain Chili 290-440 cal. Chili Special 510-650 cal.

Chili Special (plain) 450-590 cal. Quart of Chili (with Beans) 750 cal. Hundreds of years ago, a small group of Polynesians rowed their wooden outrigger canoes across vast stretches of open sea, navigating by the evening stars and the day's ocean swells.

When and why these people left their native land remains a mystery. But what is clear is that they made a small, uninhabited island with rolling hills and a lush carpet of palm trees their new home, eventually naming their 63 square miles elsevier b v paradise Rapa Nui-now popularly known as Easter Island. On this outpost nearly 2,300 miles west of South America and 1,100 miles from the nearest island, the newcomers chiseled away at volcanic stone, carving moai, monolithic statues built to honor their ancestors.

They moved the mammoth blocks of stone-on average 13 feet tall and 14 tons-to different ceremonial structures around the elsevier b v, a feat that required several days and many men. Eventually the giant palms that the Rapanui depended on dwindled. The treeless terrain eroded nutrient-rich soil, and, with little wood to use for daily activities, the people turned to grass.

By the time Dutch explorers-the first Europeans to reach the remote island-arrived on Easter day in 1722, the land was nearly barren. Although these events are generally accepted by scientists, the date of the Polynesians' arrival on the island and why their civilization ultimately collapsed is still being debated.

Many experts maintain that the settlers landed around 800 A. Physicians believe the culture thrived for hundreds of years, breaking up into settlements and living off the fruitful land. According elsevier b v this theory, the population grew to several thousand, freeing some of the labor force to work on the moai.

But as the trees disappeared and people began to starve, warfare broke out among the tribes. In his book Elsevier b v, Jared Diamond refers to the Rapanui's environmental degradation as "ecocide" and points to the civilization's demise as a model of what can happen if human appetites go unchecked. But new findings by archaeologist Terry Hunt of the University of Hawai'i may indicate a different version of events.

In 2000, Hunt, archaeologist Carl Lipo of California State University, Long Beach, and their students began excavations at Anakena, a white sandy beach on the island's northern shore. The researchers believed Anakena would have been an attractive area for deprax Rapanui to land, and therefore may be one of the earliest settlement sites.

In the top several layers of their excavation pit, the researchers found clear evidence of human presence: charcoal, tools-even bones, some of which had come from rats.

Underneath they found soil that seemed absent of human contact. This point of first human interaction, they figured, would tell them when the first Rapanui had arrived on the island.

Hunt sent the samples from the dig to a lab for radiocarbon dating, expecting Arymo ER (Morphine Sulfate Extended-release Tablets)- Multum receive a date around 800 A. Instead, the samples dated to 1200 A. This would mean the Rapanui arrived four centuries later than expected. The deforestation would have happened much faster than originally assumed, and the human impact on the environment was fast and immediate.

Hunt suspected elsevier b v humans alone could not destroy the forests this quickly. In the sand's layers, he found a potential culprit-a plethora of rat bones. Scientists have long known that when humans colonized the island, so too did the Polynesian rat, having hitched a ride either as stowaways or sources of food. However they got to Easter Island, the rodents found an unlimited food supply in the lush palm trees, believes Hunt, who bases this assertion on an abundance of rat-gnawed elsevier b v seeds.

Under these conditions, he says, "Rats would reach a population of a few million within a couple of years. Elsevier b v no elsevier b v regeneration, as the trees die, deforestation can elsevier b v slowly," he says, adding that people cutting down trees and burning them would have only added to the process.

Eventually, the degeneration of trees, according to his theory, led to the downfall of the rats and eventually of the humans. The demise of the island, says Hunt, "was a synergy of impacts.

But I think it is more rat than we think. John Flenley, a pollen analyst elsevier b v New Zealand's University of Massey, accepts that the numerous rats would have some impact on the island. In these cores, he has found evidence of charcoal.



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13.02.2019 in 20:20 Калерия:
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