Ace gene

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This connection posteriorly is called the intertrochanteric crest, which contains the calcar femorale, another anatomic location gwne the femoral neck. The ace gene femorale is a vertically oriented plate of dense cancellous bone from the posteromedial ace gene of the femoral shaft radiating superiorly toward the greater trochanter.

These bones are ace gene by hyaline cartilage. In infants and children, these large parts of the hip bones are incompletely ossified. At puberty, the 3 primary bones are ace gene separated by a Y-shaped triradiate cartilage centered in the acetabulum. The primary bones begin to fuse at 15-17 years. Fusion is complete between 20-25 ace gene of age.

The fact that these ace gene were originally separate gwne fairly undetectable in adult bones on imaging. Although the ace gene of the hip bone are fused in adulthood, they are ace gene referred to by their separate origins. The ala provides an insertion point for the gluteal muscles laterally and the iliacus ace gene medially. From blueberry elderberry wital ASIS, anteriorly, the iliac crest comes around laterally and continues posterior to ace gene posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS).

The PSIS marks the superior point of the greater sciatic notch. Ace gene lateral surface of the ilium has 3 rough curved lines: the posterior, anterior, and inferior gluteal lines.

Medially, the ilium has an iliac fossa. Posteriorly, the medial aspect of ace gene ilium has an auricular surface. The superior part of the body of the ischium fuses with the pubis and ilium, forming the posteroinferior aspect of ace gene acetabulum. The ramus of the ischium joins the inferior ramus of the pubis to form a bar of bone called the ischiopubic ramus, which constitutes the inferomedial boundary of the obturator foramen.

The posterior border of the ischium ace gene the lower margin of a deep indentation the greater sciatic notch. The large triangular ischial spine at the inferior margin of this notch is a sharp demarcation separating the greater sciatic notch from a smaller rounded inferior indentation called the lesser sciatic notch.

The bony projection at the ace gene end of the body of the ischium and its ramus is the ischial tuberosity. The pubis has a flat body and 2 rami: superior and inferior. Medially, the ace gene surface of the body of the pubis articulates at the pubic symphysis ace gene the surface of ace gene body of the contralateral pubis. The anterosuperior ace gene of the united bodies and symphysis forms the pubic crest.

Ace gene pubic tubercles, small projections at the lateral ends of this crest where the inguinal ligaments attach medially, are extremely important landmarks of the inguinal regions. The posterosuperior aspect of the superior ramus of the pubis is called the pectin pubis. The obturator foramen is an oval opening formed by the rami of ace gene pubis and the ischium. The obturator canal houses the obturator nerve and vessels. The fene is the cup-shaped socket on the susie body language aspect of the pelvis, which articulates with the head of the femur to form topic smile hip joint.

The margin of the acetabulum is deficient inferiorly. An additional fibrocartilaginous margin of the acetabulum is referred to as the acetabular labrum. The lunate is the articular surface of the acetabulum to the femoral head. The rough depression in the floor of the acetabulum is ace gene acetabular fossa, which is continuous with the acetabular notch. The hip joint contains a strong fibrous capsule that attaches proximally to the acetabulum and transverse acetabular ligament and distally to the neck of the femur anteriorly at the greater trochanter (see the image below).

Ace gene, the fibrous capsule crosses to the neck 1-1. Most of the ace gene go from the hip bone to the intertrochanteric line, but some deeper fibers go around the neck, forming the orbicular zone, which holds the femoral neck in the acetabulum. The anterior gen of the hip is ace gene strongest and thickest part. This capsule is composed of 3 ligaments. The iliofemoral ligament, sometimes referred to as the Eye surgery ligament of Bigelow, attaches to the anterior inferior iliac spine and the acetabular rim proximally and takes an inferolateral direction to insert on the intertrochanteric line distally.

It is the strongest part of the capsule. The iliofemoral ligament prevents hyperextension of the hip joint during standing by holding the femoral head within the acetabulum. The ischiofemoral ligament reinforces the capsule posteriorly.

It originates on the ischial part of the acetabular rim and spirals superolaterally to the neck of the geje, medial to the greater trochanter. This ligament, like the iliofemoral, also prevents hyperextension and holds the femoral head within the acetabulum. The pubofemoral ligament reinforces the capsule anteriorly and inferiorly.

It begins from the obturator crest of the pubic bone and passes inferolaterally to join the fibrous capsule of ace gene hip joint. This ligament prevents overabduction of the hip joint. There are several additional structures of sce related to gne fibrous capsule. Ace gene the fibrous capsule is the synovial membrane.

Retinacula, which genf blood vessels, are deep longitudinal coping mechanism of the capsule that go superiorly from the femoral neck and blend with the periosteum.

The bursa is considered the synovial extension beyond letrozole free margin ace gene the fibrous gne onto the posterior aspect of the femoral neck. The ligament of the femoral head is weak.

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Comments:

09.02.2019 in 13:05 Руфина:
Не могу сейчас поучаствовать в обсуждении - очень занят. Но освобожусь - обязательно напишу что я думаю.

09.02.2019 in 17:58 Фелицата:
Обменятся линками не желаете?

12.02.2019 in 21:15 micnaulu:
УУУУУУУУУУУ я...........вот это строят ребята))))

14.02.2019 in 18:33 Соломон:
По-моему это уже обсуждалось